In their early twenties, Pete Morgan and his wife Ann, decided to go farming. They could see the life, challenges and rewards they were looking for but wanted to run a farming business based on the best scientific principles. Both have science backgrounds as Pete studied Ag Science at Massey, and Ann is a qualified veterinarian.
“We were studying through a period where some really key scientists, like Arnold Bryant, were prominent and were putting forward some strong pasture management ideas and principles,” says Pete. “All subsidies had come off and full exposure to the realities of climate and markets created a whole new world of thinking. It was a great time to establish disciplines.”
After sharemilking in the King Country, the couple bought Ann’s Pokuru 125ha family farm, Morlands Farm, in 1999 and have since expanded to become the 265ha property they run today. In 2017 the couple entered into an equity partnership with friends Pete and Jenny Sinclair.
“We milk 660 crossbred cows and using a System 2 production system. The farm has a rolling contour on a light Mairoa Ash soil.”
Focus on pasture
The partnership uses the System 2 model – less than five per cent bought feed – which suits their skills, interests and lifestyle. The strong focus on pasture requires less time and effort to physically manage compared with higher input systems. Pete also warns however, that you also must be prepared to take the good with the bad when relying primarily on pasture.
“This system requires careful advance planning, and you are at the absolute mercy of the weather. The reality of drying off early, like this season, is something you must accept.”
They’ve planted different AR37 perennial ryes and mixed in cocksfoot on some of the steeper country. The rye performs well until conditions dry out and then the cocksfoot sees the rest of the season through, ensuring there is some grass available.
“Non-performing paddocks are rested for a year and cropped in autumn with annual rye or winter oats, followed by spring-planted maize, turnips, chicory or plantain.”
The farm has contingency plans with an order of responses carefully laid out to follow setting up for summer to react smartly.
First, slow the round as spring surplus period ends and further as autumn feed allows. Second, monitor APC and intakes carefully to balance feed used with demands on the cows. Third, time once-a-day milking to retain production and reduce animal and human stresses. Fourth, start de-stocking as early as possible to protect remaining cows. Fifth, use forage crops efficiently as they are ready. Sixth, start late-season feed budget in January to plan the remaining season and update weekly. Seventh, use on-farm supplement stores when you’re sure they’ll be utilised well, minimising pasture substitution. Ensure the diet is balanced for the stock needs. Eighth, dry off cows or buy in feed according to feed budget and supplementary cost/benefit analysis.
Setting up next season
All plans and actions for the second half of the season are aimed at setting up the next season, that is achieving their Average Pasture Cover, Body Condition Score and feed reserve goals.
“These are non-negotiable and production during this period is secondary. This is a hard pill to swallow some years but it’s a critical discipline to maintain in order to have sustainable business.”
When Coast & Country News visited, there was still some pasture growing thanks to the cocksfoot, and you only had to look at the paddocks to see the difference between recently -grazed and the slight green of the rested ones.
The chicory paddocks were a vibrant acid green next to them. The silage pits were low, even with the buffer left from the previous year. “Right now, we are at number seven on the list,” says Pete.
“The next decision to dry off cows so they require less food is huge, and not one to be taken lightly.”
That decision will depend on BCS, predicted growth, current milk payout compared to the cost and availability of buying in feed.
“We’ve made the call to use all remaining grass silage with maize during the next three weeks and continue milking at this stage,” said Pete in mid-March.
“It’s really important that changes in the feed budget, forecasted production and costs are regularly used to update the financial budgets so we can be aware of the impact on income.
“On the up side, we might get a few more sleep-ins this winter!”
For them, they’re using the most reliable and economic system. They grow and utilise the best quality pasture, and if they get that right, the rest will follow. Good planning is the backbone of the system. It gives you a great framework and helps minimise risk.
“We love the challenges and rewards of dairying and every season is a new adventure.”